HIPS Conductive

 High Impact Polystyrene » HIPS Conductive

 

     

HIPS Conductive is a thermoplastic material used as a sheet plastic or transformed into a tray by thermoforming to either disipate static electricity or allow electrical current to pass all the way through the sheet.  HIPS Conductive sheet is usually black in colour and is used in electrical environments or disposable or returnable packaging.


What is HIPS Conductive?

 

Surface Resistivity

For thermoplastic materials intended to dissipate electrostatic charges, surface resistivity is the most common measurement of a material’s ability to do so.

A widely accepted surface resistivity test method is ASTM D257. It consists of measuring the resistance (via an ohm meter) between two electrodes applied under load to the surface being tested. Electrodes are used rather than point probes because of the heterogeneous makeup of compounded thermoplastics. Simply touching the surface with a point contact may not give readings consistent with the overall part (readings of this type are often insulative even when the part is actually conductive).

It is also important to maintain good contact between the sample and electrodes, which can require considerable pressure. The resistance reading is then converted to resistivity to account for the dimensions of the electrodes which can vary depending on the size and shape of the test samples. Surface resistivity is equal to resistance times the perimeter of the electrodes divided by the gap distance, yielding ohms/square. Simple processing.
Surface Resistivity Measurement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Volume Resistivity

Volume resistivity is useful for evaluating the relative dispersion of a conductive additive throughout the polymer matrix. It can roughly be related to EMI/RFI shielding effectiveness in certain conductive fillers.

Volume resistivity is tested in a similar fashion to surface resistivity, however electrodes are placed on opposite faces of a test sample. ASTM D257 also refers to volume resistivity, and a conversion factor again based on electrode dimensions and part thickness is used to obtain the resistivity value from a resistance reading. [Volume resistivity is equal to resistance times the surface area (cm2) divided by the thickness of the part (cm) yielding ohm-cm.]


 

Volume Resistivity Measurement
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What applications are HIPS Conductive especially suitable for?

 Returnable disposable trays for electronics components.

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Thermoforming Shrinkage?